Abnormal sperm morphology causes male infertility and it's one of the reasons why some couples cannot conceive. Most infertile men have a low sperm count, also called Oligospermia. Low sperm count is often associated with poor sperm motility.
A very small percentage of male infertility is due to abnormal sperm morphology, also called Teratozoospermia.
This condition refers to the fact that the sperm's shape is abnormal and
incapable of fertilizing the egg. There is virtually no medical
solution to Teratozoospermia.
The problem with the medical treatments of poor sperm morphology is that
for most people it simply doesn't work.
Medical treatment for male infertility does not have a high success rate and has unpleasant side effects. Many couples are encouraged to look into IVF, IUI, but what about a natural alternative?
Abnormal sperm morphology is discovered during a standard sperm analysis to check for male infertility. Poor sperm morphology is due to the fact that the shape of the sperm does not conform to normal standards.
The sperm sample is observed under the microscope and studied in a medical lab. There is always a percentage of abnormal sperm in a sperm sample, what the test analysis reveals is the percentage of abnormal sperm versus healthy normally shaped sperm.
This value is what determines the diagnosis of abnormal sperm morphology.
Normal sperm have a long tail and an oval head. Abnormal sperm is characterized by having abnormal head and tail structures. The head may be too large or too small. The tail can be crooked or even double. These sperm abnormalities affect the sperm's ability to swim and fertilize the egg.
If a semen analysis shows abnormal sperm morphology or other sperm problems like low sperm count and poor sperm motility, your doctor will initially recommend to wait a couple of months to see if the problem resolves itself.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), a semen sample is normal if 4% or more of the analyzed sperm sample has a normal shape.
These is a list of all possible sperm morphological defects:
In some cases this is possible, but in most cases abnormal sperm morphology indicates a deep underlining weakness that needs to be addressed with a healthy life style right away. I say this because it takes time to restore abnormal sperm morphology and the sooner you start the better.
There two main causes of abnormal sperm morphology:
In some cases, sperm problems like abnormal sperm morphology are due to a permanent condition. Congenital conditions, such as a testicle abnormality present at birth cannot be treated.
In most cases, abnormal sperm morphology is due to an underlying condition that when treated resolves the situation.
Some common causes of abnormal sperm that are temporary or may be reversed with treatment include:
The best way to address abnormal sperm morphology is to treat the underlying cause.
Alternative medicine can definitely support the male partner in producing healthy sperm by making important changes like:
Sperm anomalies can result if the scrotum is exposed to heat for prolonged periods of time. Once exposure to heat is eliminated, good sperm morphology should increase.
To ensure that your scrotum remains cool, avoid hot tubs and saunas, wear boxers (not briefs) and loose-fitting pants, and give up long-distance bicycle riding.
Exposure to pollutants from cigarette smoke, pesticides, chemicals, electromagnetic devices (electronic devices like laptops and cell phones), and excessive amounts of alcohol can cause sperm to become abnormal.
Toxins cause oxidative stress that can damage the DNA of the spermatozoa. Numerous stidies have now demontrated that there is a very close link between oxidative stress and male abnormal sperm.
If there is not underlying cause of poor sperm morphology, chemical
toxicity can be the culprit, as indicated by numerous studies.
In a study conducted by University of North Carolina School of Public Health, it was assessed that disinfection by-products (DBP) exposure correlates to testicular toxicity, as evidenced by altered semen quality (Environ Health Perspect., 115(8): 1169-1176, 2007).
In regards to sperm morphology this study reported that "the higher exposures also had higher percentages of abnormal sperm cells, which was statistically significant."
Many more studies have shown how environmental chemicals and toxicity affect sperm quality. A study conducted at the College of Preventive Medicine in China indicates that "Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), a class of the most ubiquitous environmental contaminants, may reduce male reproductive function...PAHs may disrupt male reproduction by damaging sperm DNA." (Environ Health Perspect., 119(5): 652-657, 2011)
Avoid non-organic milk and meat because they may contain synthetic estrogen that can impair the healthy development of sperm.
To eliminate toxins, it is a good idea to follow a male fertility cleanse specifically designed for men for at least 1-2 months.
3. Maintaining a Healthy Diet
Mineral and vitamin deficiency is often the root cause of poor sperm quality. Certain minerals and vitamins, particularly natural Vitamin E, zinc, and selenium, can have a positive effect on sperm morphology.
Selenium is an antioxidant-rich trace mineral that can be found in Brazil nuts, walnuts, tuna, beef, chicken, eggs, and cheese.
It can also be taken in supplement form, although you should take no more than 400 mcg per day, as excessive amounts of selenium can be toxic.
Other vitamins and minerals that can help improve the quality of sperm include vitamin B12, folic acid, vitamin C, Vitamin E, CoQ10, zinc, and the amino acid L-Carnitine.
Consider supplementing your diet with anti-oxidants to offset the negative stress of oxidative stress on sperm morphology.
Consider following a male fertility protocol, like Male Factor Formula Kit, for at least 4 months to improve abnormal sperm morphology.
This kit includes the following natural remedies, all specifically formulated to work together and improve sperm health:
Maca increases male libido and treats male infertility. It supports testosterone production, but does not have hormonal effect on the body. Maca also supports the adrenal glands and helps maintain thyroid function. Maca is considered both an herbal remedy and a fertility food.
Clinical studies have shown how Maca supplementation helps men improve poor sperm quality due to low testosterone levels.
Maca also helps men with premature ejaculation and erectile dysfunction as it balances testosterone.
Tribulus is another male fertility herb that stimulates testosterone production. Studies have shown how tribulus terrestris stimulates secretion of Luteinizing Hormone (LH) by the pituitary gland in men with low testosterone levels.
LH stimulates the testes to produce more testosterone which is needed to support spermatogenesis (sperm formation). Tribulus has a positive effect on overall health and wellbeing and can be used like Maca by both men and women to balance the hormones.
Wholefood Men's Multivitamin
A lack of important nutrients in a man's diet can cause low sperm count,
abnormal sperm morphology and poor sperm motility. By supplementing
with 100% whole food multivitamins you supply your body with all the
nutrients needed on a daily basis for healthy sperm. These are:
If have a zinc deficiency, your levels of testosterone may
also decrease impairing sperm production and fertility. Zinc is a
mineral present in the large contain within the male prostate and plays a
very important role in the production of the spermatic fluids. Men with
low sperm count also have low sperm volume as a result of lack of zinc.
Clinical studies have shown how infertile man who supplement with zinc
increase sperm quality and count.
Studies suggest that folic acid is important not only for women to prevent neural tubal birth defects during pregnancy, but also for male sperm quality.
Studies have shown how men with low levels of folic acid have more sperm DNA defects. This means that the sperm may contain abnormal chromosomes. Abnormal sperm morphology may also increase chromosomal disorder cases.
If an abnormal sperm fertilizes the egg, the baby has increased risks of carrying a defective chromosome.
Vitamin B12 is known to increase sperm count.
Vitamin C protects sperm from oxidative damage and prevents sperm agglutination (sperm clumping together and becoming non motile). Vitamin C helps increase the quality of sperm in smokers.
L-Carnitine is a necessary nutrient for sperm normal function and is known to play a very important role in sperm maturation in the testis. It also provides energy for the metabolic processes during and after ejaculation.
Numerous studies show how L-Carnitine helps increase all
parameters of sperm health: count, morphology and motility.
Abnormal sperm morphology is often associated to poor DNA integrity of sperm cells. Supplementing your diet with a specific fertility blend of antioxidants, like CoQ10, helps to improve sperm health as well as prevent DNA damage.
If a damaged sperm fertilizes an egg, the embryo will most likely be
Antioxidants are necessary to help the body fight the damaging effects
of free-radicals that cause DNA damage leading to gene mutations.
Poor morphology can be caused by structural problems, such as enlargement of the testes or scrotal veins, or by an infection. Surgery, antibiotics and drugs are not the solution.
The following homeopathic remedies can improve poor morphology
when taken for a period of 4-6 months. These remedies help treat infections, hydrocele, scar tissue formation, that can be the underlyng cause of poor sperm quality.
For best results, make sure to
consult with a homeopath near you.
The natural treatment of poor sperm quality to address low sperm count, poor motility and morphology consists of following a natural protocol for a number of months with the purpose of eliminate toxicity, strengthen the male reproductive organs and balance the hormones.
Cleanse for 2 months in order to detox the liver from toxins that can affect hormonal balance and sperm production. Men are subjected to hormonal disruptors, just like women and the effects of these chemical have been studied for many years now.
The major cause of poor sperm quality is pesticides. Pesticide accumulation in the body has detrimental effects on a man's hormonal balance.
According to numerous studies, farmers who are exposed pesticides have a higher likelihood to give birth to a child with birth defects due to sperm abnormalities. Pesticides are classified as xenoestrogen.
When they enter the male body, they disrupt the hormonal system by causing low testosterone. Performing a Fertility cleanse can help the body to eliminate these dangerous toxins.
Follow a natural fertility protocol until improvement is
noticed. Do not have another sperm test analysis until you have
completed at least 4 months of this natural protocol because it takes
time to mature new sperm and you need to allow your body the necessary
If you are looking for a natural way to support male sperm formation, The Male Fertility Factor Kit would be a great suppot. This kit contains all the natural recommended vitamins, minerals, amino acids, fertility superfoods, and nutrients to specifically support normal sperm production, count, motility and morphology.
It also contains herbal remedies that assist the body in making normal levels of testosterone, while boosting male sexual functions and sex drive.
The antioxidants in this kit protect the sperm
from free radical damage, preventing birth defects and maintaining
overall sperm quality.
By following a natural approch to poor sperm quality, many couple can prevent having to resort to IVF treatments.
NOTE: Please, consult with a health care practitioner.